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What is CBD?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, one of the compounds found in the hemp plant. It belongs to a group of compounds known as phyto-cannabinoids.  There is a lot of research that suggests that CBD has many beneficial properties, and it is primarily used to promote wellness. 

What are cannabinoids?

Phyto-cannabinoids are compounds that are naturally found in the hemp plant which are similar to the cannabanoids found naturally occurring in the human body.They are chemically active and are responsible for most of the well-known effects of the cannabis plant. Apart from CBD, other well-known cannabinoids are THC, CBG, and CBN. 

Apart from cannabinoids, what other compounds are present in the cannabis plant?

There are many compounds present in the cannabis plant, and these include:

Terpenoids-The term terpenoids refers to a wide range of natural chemical compounds that are obtained from terpenes. They are categorized as modified terpenes because they have an extra functional group. This functional group typically contains oxygen atoms. Terpenes are organic compounds produced by some insects and plants that usually have a strong scent. Both terpenes and terpenoids are commonly used in essential oils.  Flavonoids-The term flavonoids refers to a wide array of phytonutrients, plant chemicals, present in almost every single fruit or vegetable. They are the most common type of plant chemicals with more than 6000 identified varieties. Flavonoids, together with carotenoids, are responsible for the bright and vivid colors in vegetables and fruits.Omega fatty acids-Omega fatty acids are fats that are essential to the body that the body doesn't produce. The most well-known omega acid is omega three, which is vital for the proper functioning of the body.Researchhas shown that hemp is one of the most important sources of omega 3. 

How many CBD products are there?

There are lots of CBD products out there, each trying to cater to a different group of people. The most common ones are

CBD oil

CBD salves

CBD tinctures

CBD salve sticks

CBD vapes

CBD gummies

CBD tinctures

CBD softgels

CBD capsules

CBD water soluble ingestibles (softgels, capsules, gummies, pet chews,)

How does CBD work?

According to researchers, CBD works by interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system. CBD interacts with enzymes and receptors in the system, creating the effects we perceive. 

What is the endocannabinoid system?

The endocannabinoid system is a system of neurotransmitters, enzymes, and cell receptors that has a role in several key functions in the body. Researchers believe that the ECS plays a role in regulating appetite, the immune system, and thermoregulation. 

What is the entourage effect?

The entourage effect is a scientific theory that every compound in cannabis works together, and by working together, they create a better effect than a single compound on its own. Each compound in cannabis has a different effect on the human body, and the overall effect is often greater than the effect produced by individual compounds.